The importance of minerals
Minerals, like vitamins, are compounds that do not provide energy to the body (as carbohydrates, lipids and proteins does), but they responsible of many functions, regulating physical processes and being part of the structure of many tissues.
They conform the bones and teeth (calcium, phosphorus, y magnesium) control the composition of body fluids and are involved in the maintenance of blood pressure and acid-base body balance (sodium, chloride, potassium), and part of proteins having an important role in the processes of energy production (iron, zinc, phosphorus).
Unlike vitamins which are easily crushed, inorganic minerals are always elements that maintain their chemical structure, are not destroyed by heat, oxygen or acids, and can only be lost in the process of washing food, or the water used to cook them if we do not consume.
Therefore, they do not require special care when foods containing them undergo cooking processes.
The best way to ensure a sufficient supply of minerals, is having a diet as varied as possible, eat fruits and vegetables of all kinds, as well as meat, fish, dairy and cereals. The more varied diet is richer in minerals will.